Without economic resources of their own, many Southern blacks were forced to become tenant farmers on land owned by their former masters, caught in a cycle of poverty that would continue well into the 20th century. A Republican coalition of freedmen, southerners supportive of the Union derisively called scalawags by white Democratsand northerners who had migrated to the South derisively called carpetbaggers —some of whom were returning natives, but were mostly Union veterans — organized to create constitutional conventions.
Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems and numerous charitable institutions in the South. Blacks continued to be terrorized and intimidated into not voting. The success of Reconstruction had been ineffective at best, now, with the Conservative Southern governments back End of reconstruction control of the South a downward spiral would begin.
Whereas formerly it had supported harsh penalties against Southern white leaders, it now tolerated new and humiliating End of reconstruction of discrimination against blacks.
The big losers, however, were the black citizens of the South. In April,the last of the soldiers headed north from South Carolina and Louisiana. If Hayes received all twenty he would win 3. Historian Harold Hyman says that in Congressmen "described the oath as the last bulwark against the return of End of reconstruction to power, the barrier behind which Southern Unionists and Negroes protected themselves.
As soon as blacks gained the right to vote, secret societies sprang up in the South, devoted to restoring white supremacy in politics and social life.
Hayes, became president, while Democrats assumed control of the disputed Southern states. Bythe Confederate dollar was worthless due to high inflation, and people in the South had to resort to bartering services for goods, or else use scarce Union dollars.
The last quarter of the 19th century saw a profusion of "Jim Crow" laws in Southern states that segregated public schools, forbade or limited black access to many public facilities, such as parks, restaurants and hotels, and denied most blacks the right to vote by imposing poll taxes and arbitrary literacy tests.
Grant, an alcoholic, was unable to police his own cabinet and scandals began to emerge. The South was still a region devastated by war, burdened by debt caused by misgovernment, and demoralized by a decade of racial warfare.
The South was still a region devastated by war, burdened by debt caused by misgovernment, and demoralized by a decade of racial warfare. The rate of damage in smaller towns was much lower—only 45 courthouses were burned out of a total of Whereas formerly it had supported harsh penalties against Southern white leaders, it now tolerated new and humiliating kinds of discrimination against blacks.
The fate of those 20 votes and the election were placed in the hands of a committee of 8 Republicans and 7 Democrats who ended up cutting a deal that gave Hayes the votes and the Presidency.
The Depression ofalong with continued pressure from the Ku Klux Klan, drove most white Unionists, carpetbaggers, and scalawags out of the South by the mids, leaving blacks alone to fight for radical legislation.
The failure of Reconstruction meant that the struggle of African Americans for equality and freedom was deferred until the 20th century -- when it would become a national, and not a Southern issue. As soon as blacks gained the right to vote, secret societies sprang up in the South, devoted to restoring white supremacy in politics and social life.
The federal government had to build a railroad from Texas to Californiabuilding money, waterway improvements and a conservative in the Cabinet were also part of the deal.
Whatever aspect of history you wish learn about, you will find it at Historycentral.The End of Reconstruction United States History As time passed, it became more and more obvious that the problems of the South were not being solved by harsh.
The End of Reconstruction As time passed, it became more and more obvious that the problems of the South were not being solved by harsh laws and continuing rancor against former Confederates. In MayCongress passed a general Amnesty Act, restoring full political rights to all but about Confederate sympathizers.
The end of Reconstruction was a staggered process, and the period of Republican control ended at different times in different states. With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South.
The Compromise of was an informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed U.S. presidential election.
It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era. The End of Reconstruction, ByRepublicans were losing their enthusiasm for protecting black rights. Reconstruction ended in because of a variety of reasons.
Regardless of the reasons, the end of Reconstruction also signaled an end to whatever forward progress blacks were going to make.Download