Those killed and wounded at the Battles of Lexington and Concord numbered British and 95 Americans. Another under Benedict Arnold made a remarkable march through the Maine wilderness to Quebec.
By June, nine colonies were ready for independence; one by one, the last four fell into line: There the colonists were prepared. An attack on the city on the last day of the year failed, Montgomery was killed, and many troops were captured.
In October an illegal " provincial congress " was established which took over the governance of Massachusetts outside of British-occupied Boston and began training militia for hostilities. Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and New York. The event quickly came to be called the Boston Massacre.
Revere, PaulPaul Revere riding on the night of April 18,to warn Boston-area residents that the British were coming. He then scored a smashing victory on August 27, driving the Americans into their Brooklyn works and inflicting a loss of about 1, men. Although Sir Henry Clintonwho had replaced Howe, struck back hard, the Americans stood their ground.
The king, however, issued a Proclamation of Rebellion which stated that the states were "in rebellion" and the members of Congress were traitors. Because troops were few and conscription unknown, the British government, following a traditional policy, purchased about 30, troops from various German princes.
The British marching to Concord Meanwhile, British officials in Quebec began lobbying Indian tribes to support them,  while the Americans urged them to maintain their neutrality. Once the members of the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence, only the spilling of much blood would settle the matter.
Townshend Acts and the Tea Act Further information: The trade of molasses was central to the colonial economy and the act heavily taxed the import of French molasses in order to force the colonists to buy British molasses instead.
You can learn more about the Currency Act here. The position was untenable since the British absolutely dominated the waters about Manhattan. By the time the soaked infantrymen arrived in Lexington at approximately 5: Another problem beneath the surface calm lay with the large African and American Indian populations.
British merchants were reluctant to trade with the colonists because of the fluctuating values of these currencies. Thereafter except in the winter ofwhich was spent at Morristown Washington made his headquarters at West Point on the Hudson, and Clinton avowed himself too weak to attack him there.
Thomas Gagethe commander of all British troops in North America.
Other revolutionaries of the time would be pleased that the democratic government they created has become strong and works so well. The invasion cost the Patriots their support in British public opinion,  while aggressive anti-Loyalist policies diluted Canadian support.
Wilhelm, Freiherr von Knyphausenand in December sailed with some 8, men to join Prevost in Savannah. Benjamin Franklin testified in Parliament in that Americans already contributed heavily to the defense of the Empire.
Great Britain was passing these laws because of the French and Indian Warwhich had ended in Nathanael Greene, engraving by J.
The soldiers were tried and acquitted defended by John Adamsbut the widespread descriptions soon began to turn colonial sentiment against the British.The American Revolutionary War (–), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies (allied with France) which declared independence as the United States of America.
Alternative Titles: American Revolutionary War, United States War of Independence, War of Independence American Revolution: political cartoonCartoon depicting Lord North, with the Boston Port Bill extending from a pocket, forcing tea (representing the Intolerable Acts) down the throat of a female.
The American Revolutionary War (–), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies (allied with France) which declared independence as the United States of America. The French involvement in the Revolutionary War was a significant factor in the American victory.
This was not just because of the French infantry and artillery (although that was important enough) but also due to the tactical advantage offered by.
The American Revolution—also called the U.S. War of Independence—was the insurrection fought between and through which 13 of Great Britain’s North American colonies threw off British rule to establish the sovereign United States of America, founded with. Described as "the shot heard round the world," it signaled the start of the American Revolution and led to the creation of a new nation.
North Carolina joined the war the following month. In New Bern on May 23, Abner Nash (who later became governor) led a group of Whigs to Tryon Palace to seize the cannon there.Download