Athenians believed that the individual was important, while Spartans followed the belief that the state should be all encompassing. They prided themselves in their discussions of politics and ethics, as well as their impressive contributions in literature and philosophy.
The Greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic features that influenced the development of Greek society. Spartan men devoted their lives to military service, and lived communally well into adulthood.
Introduce the term totalitarianism. If one should ask whether this struggle is gruesome, then the only answer could be—for the weak, yes, for humanity as a whole, no. Spartan society itself changed after its transition tot a military state.
This council would meet and vote to decide the laws of the state. The turning point for Athens were the laws given by Solon. The most obvious difference between the Athens and Sparta is its ancestry. On the other hand, Athens did not have a very strong army, their expertise was in the navy.
When faced with problems regarding slavery, the Spartans did the exact opposite; they based their whole society upon repression of its Helots slaves. The final part of democracy was ostracism, which disabled would-be tyrants from seizing power by exiling them before they gained to much power.
Explain that it is a form of government that uses force and power to rule a people. Tell students they are about to explore the roots of two political systems: After the Franks built a new fortress city, Mistra, on a spur of the Taygetus range southwest of Sparta; after Mistra was capital of the Despotate of Morea i.
This was stopped by the tyrant Solon whose reforms led to a government based on 4 tiers of social classes with hints of democracy. This militaristic state was only possible because of the complex societal structure of Sparta.
The architecture from this time also is copied today, many of our governmental of today use the Greek style. Both city-states faced a turning point in their history, and each on was regarding slavery. Married couples typically lived apart, as men under 30 were required to continue residing in communal barracks.
This was a miserable life, work was long and the amount of food inadequate. Comparison and Contributions Sparta and Athens: Force is the first law. The Messenians were upset over their loss of independence and revolted, almost wiping out Sparta altogether, but they failed to free themselves of Spartan rule.
After his son lost power, Cleisthenes began a series of major reforms that would produce Athenian democracy. Military Might Life in Sparta was vastly different from life in Athens.
An interesting note about Spartan society was that women enjoyed a level of freedom that was unheard of in the ancient world.
Greece contributed so many things to modern civilization; some of our society is directly borrowed from these people. Its early history was heavily dominated with invasion of neighboring poleis in search of land and resources to support its dramatically increasing population.
Ancient Athens was a powerful city-state, the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium B. Explain that the democratic political system used as its model Athenian democracy.
Both men and women enjoyed different privileges in Sparta and Athens. A citizen would have a say on how the state would run. At the age of seven the Spartan male was sent to military and athletic school.This fantastic resource for your Ancient Greece unit features a 1 page reading that describes the major differences between Athens and Sparta.
Several major aspects of society are described so that students can get a clear understanding of how the two city-states differed.
After completing the reading, students analyze a chart of statements that match either Athens or Sparta and must correctly. The everyday lives of people in ancient Greek city-states is documented by a very readable text, illustrations, and photographs.
Especially interesting are the wide differences between the lives of the citizens of Athens and those of Sparta due to their very different social structures. Sparta and Athens were the most powerful states of ancient Greece; they were also each others biggest rivals.
Both had troubles feeding their people as the land around their city-state was barren. Both had troubles feeding their people as. Sparta and Athens: Comparison and Contributions. Sparta and Athens: Comparison and Contributions The two best-known societies in ancient Greece were the Spartans, and the Athenians/5(1).
Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Sparta’s position as the number one city-state in Greece, though, was to be short-lived.
Continued Spartan ambitions in central and northern Greece, Asia Minor, and Sicily once again dragged the city into another protracted conflict, the Corinthian Wars with Athens, Thebes, Corinth, and Persia from to BCE.Download